January 21, 2015 § Leave a comment
A typical New Year’s resolution is to pay down/off debt. If this is your 2015 goal how can you do it? Here’s some ideas to help you succeed.
Choose your strategy – Do you want to pay on the card with the highest interest or the card with the lowest balance? You decide, but from an emotional satisfaction perspective, choosing the smallest balance and aiming to pay that off gives your goals a huge boost because you can actually PAY A DEBT OFF in a timely fashion with that method.
Additionally, do you want to aim your extra cash towards ONE credit card or pay the extra $300 equally towards all? That, too is a decision that you make. Though I would once again suggest that focusing on ONE credit card could provide quicker satisfaction by achieving your partial goal by paying of a few smaller cards with laser focus.
Simultaneously save? – What about simultaneous saving? Some folks discourage any but TOTAL focus on all extra money going towards repayment. But that leaves you nothing for the next broken appliance fiasco or car repair. So I think saving for both long-term (retirement) and short-term (emergencies) is an important disciple in this time. My suggestion would be to save small amounts as the bulk of your funds are paying off debt. But saving at the same time would be great for your future.
Stop the madness– Of course, you need to not add to your debt while you are paying things off. It will hard to do that as there will be emergencies and life will not go as planned. But if you wait it out and look for alternative solutions to the immediate use of credit cards, things will open up and you will find perhaps a much better solution not seen in your past because of the pressure you felt to act NOW and use the card.
Good luck on this excellent goal. (CR10559)
December 9, 2014 § Leave a comment
It’s a good time to plan for end-of-year financial options. Having a bit of time, instead of waiting until next year, allows you to keep your eyes open for your personal possibilities. Please speak with your tax advisor when making some of these decisions.
Maximizing retirement – When was the last time you increased the contribution to your 401(k)? The maximum contribution you can make according to the IRS is $17,500. And if you are over age 50 you can add another $5,500 to that for a total if you are over 50 of $23,000. And that is before your employer’s contribution. If you are doing a small percentage and always meant to increase you amount, maybe now is a great time.
Required minimum distributions – If you are age 70.5 have you taken this year’s Required Minimum Contribution? Penalties for NOT taking these contributions are quite steep. If you are required to take an RMD and fail to do so, ‘the amount not withdrawn is taxed at 50%,’ according to IRS.gov
Using flex accounts – If you have a flexible savings account at work and need to use it or lose it, now is the time to get the glasses or getting your teeth cleaned. Even though this time of year is busy, you’ll want to get this done in a way that works for your needs.
Charitable giving – The tax code is written in a way that your generosity is rewarded in a tax benefit to you. So GIVE. All year you have seen difficulties and noticed the organizations that have stood in the gap for those who suffer. Now is the time when you can include these good organizations in your holiday giving.
This is certainly not a complete list of things to keep in mind. But giving yourself time to consider your financial end-of-year options will allow a possibly more directed outcome. (CR10393)
August 22, 2014 § Leave a comment
So many retirement plans! And when it’s not your area of expertise…yikes, it can be overwhelming. So what do all the letters and numbers mean? Let’s discuss!
Step ONE- Pre-tax contributions – Most retirement plans are funded with what are termed ‘pre-tax contribution.’ Taxes are NOT removed from that contribution now but will be owed later, when the money is removed from the tax-deferred protection of the particular account. So if you are twenty years old and begin to save, the money contributed to the account is pre-tax, and if you didn’t begin removing it until age seventy, for example, the money grows protected from tax, or tax-deferred, until you remove any or all of it. Each amount withdrawn prompt the taxes due.
First a caveat: all of the accounts mentioned below have additional benefits and restrictions that cannot be addressed in this short post. You should know that the information provided here is a very general overview of these plans and you should seek more detailed information from a financial advisor.
Account TYPES- Here are a few of the types of accounts frequently held.
403(b)– Used by public schools and some hospitals this is a pre-tax retirement account for eligible organizations with a non-profit tax status. The plan allows for interested employees to contribute some of their money and also allows for the employer to contribute.
Traditional 401(k)– is a pre-tax retirement plan for business and their employees. It allows eligible workers to contribute pre-tax money into a retirement savings account. It also permits a ‘profit-sharing’ contribution for the firm to contribute to your account. The money is tax-deferred while it remains in the account or another account allowed, such as a Rollover IRA and taxes are not due until money is removed.
IRAs – Speaking of IRAs, there are many types. SIMPLE IRAs are retirement accounts for employers with less than one hundred employees. Traditional IRAs allow individuals to save pre-tax money on their own, or with an advisor. Rollover IRAs, which I mentioned, allow qualified monies to be rolled out while maintaining the tax-deferred status. These funds are most often rolled at separation of employment into a rollover IRA account.
But then there’s this.
Roths – One other type of IRA and retirement plan is the Roth IRA. THIS plan is different than the other plans mentioned as contributions are made with AFTER tax contributions. Distributions are tax free if taken after age 59 ½ and the Roth account has been open for at least five years.
As I mentioned earlier, there are many more details about the pros and cons of these accounts and for your particular situation you should speak to your financial advisor about the best plans for you. (CRCR10168)
June 12, 2014 § Leave a comment
I appreciate a good love story. But I hate if the ending is sad, if the joy and determination at first is lost.
With June the most popular month for weddings, this is a good time of year to have a little heart-to-heart about the finances of togetherness. You may not be getting married or are just taking your relationship ‘to the next level,’ let’s see if we can your future together rosy and bright.
We’re going to jump right into the deep end.
The legalities– Folks in love don’t always want to discuss boundaries. But Robert Frost’s famous line, ‘Good fences make good neighbors,’ is oft repeated because of its immense truth. So if you are not getting married you may want to invest in a domestic partnership agreement. Not romantic? Being financially ruined is also not romantic.
Day-to-day expenses – There are several ways to manage expenses. I will list three here and their pros and cons. 1.) Keep bank accounts and finances entirely separate- which is hard when it comes to food and cable or encouraging feelings of togetherness. I have seen couples do this and it has emotional consequences for them. It leaves one, in my experience, feeling as if the relationship is more like a roommate arrangement. 2.) Put all earnings into one joint pot or account- which is hard if there is disagreement on hobbies or spending- like shoe shopping or things any other items or interest on which you may have strong disagreements. 3.) Another method is the ‘pick your bill’ or the percentage-of-income-to-percentage-of-expenses method- which is hard for saving jointly. Like I said, each method has pros – which I didn’t mention- and cons, and there may be times in your lives together when you use particular methods as life evolves in your relationship or jobs change.
Big purchases – Assuming you have a legal agreement, buying a car or expensive item together is easy as distributing proceeds in the event of a breakup is already spelled out. But titling expensive purchases, like property, is very important without a legal agreement. So please consult an attorney or legal advisor in such cases.
Red flags– You may want to NOT join your finances together if your intended partner owes money and doesn’t pay bills, if they spend beyond their means regularly, if you are the source of money because getting work is ‘hard.’ These and other red flags should be a wake-up call that the person you love may not be the adult of your dreams. You want a real, responsible – and fun- adult with whom you can share financial goals.
I’m a planner. I kind of have a compulsion to think of the worst case scenario. When you’re in love…you don’t. But bad things happen to people in wonderful, caring people, people in love. We never want your heart broken. But since in life there is heartache, we certainly don’t want to add financial ruination as well.
Plan so you can be safe. Be in love, but be safe. That’s how smart adults do things. (Information provided should not be construed as legal or tax advice; you should speak with an attorney or tax advisor.CR10057)
May 15, 2014 § Leave a comment
We generally know that life insurance is important, but it can seem confusing. Not to mention boring. Not boring to me, of course. But I can see why in your busy life and with your schedule, this might be a topic that you would rather deal with at another time. But when, exactly, will you figure this out and take the time to at least get an overview of this exciting subject? After all, this is pretty important topic for your loved ones, especially the little ones in your life. Maybe you could grab an adult beverage and pull up a chair. Let’s chat.
Who needs it? – Insurance. Who needs it? One web site answered the question with more questions. If someone depends on you financially, that may be a good indication of a need for life insurance. Do you supply income to anyone? Do you help with the expenses of a family member? Do you own a property in which dependents live? Don’t take for granted all the myriad ways you help people. Folks need you, both because you love them and also possibly because your contributions have a financial impact on their lives. How would their situation change if something were to happen to you, my friend?
You can see that these important questions may open a bigger conversation. Do not be overwhelmed. Be aware that in seeing this larger picture this may be where insurance may be beneficial to you.
How much? – Suffering the loss of a loved one is a terrible tragedy. It takes years to recover and we are always changed by the loss.
However, insurance at least allows you to LIVE, with a roof over your head, in the same school, participating in the same activities, even after that terrible separation. Being able to continue to life in the same surroundings and able to have the freedom to spend more time with the kids and not worry about missing work, these are the reasons for life insurance. To help you keep your lifestyle when someone you love is gone.
No amount of money makes up for their loss. But what if, because of their loss, you also lost your home, the kids had to change schools and you had to take another job? Having money troubles after such a devastating loss can be terribly hard.
So how much do you need? What lifestyle do you want to maintain? Few of us can afford every possible contingency. But having some idea of what items are essential to help the family be stable and possibly to be cozy are figures that can be estimated. And you need to do this to plan for those people who depend upon you, loved adult. They need you to be pragmatic and do what you can afford to do to take care of them – in case.
What kind? – There are several types of life insurance. Term insurance is for a period of time: ten, twenty or thirty years are common periods. Term insurance is often less expensive than other types as it is for a specific period of time. Two other types of insurance fall into the category of ‘permanent’ life insurance. Those kinds are whole life and universal life. These types of policies build cash value and remain in effect for the entire life of the insured (or until age 100) as long as the premium is paid. Lots of details about how these vary but we don’t have time to discuss them here. You should speak with an insurance professional regarding your individual situation.
Now what? – Talk to an insurance agent. Know that all insurance agents need to be licensed by the state. And whether you use a local agent or a person who you’ve never met via an online option or phone, the same rules apply to them. Since we are all licensed in the same way the difference, is service. If you work with a local insurance agent they live in the community, have their kids in the same school and may understand your family, and their needs, more personally.
If you suspect you need insurance, get a quote. There is no obligation and getting started on this journey could really help your family. Drink up! (Additional disclosure: Health and other non-variable insurance products are not offered through Wall Street Financial Group, Inc. CR10001)
April 16, 2014 § Leave a comment
Money in retirement. It is the culmination of our efforts, the harvest to enjoy in later years. When we are relaxed on an exotic beach, or chasing the grandkids, our retirement income, the careful planning, allows us to rest easy knowing our futures are bright and secure.
Though for many Social Security is the central source of retirement income, there are other possible places from which some income for your future might be obtained. The goal in retirement is to fashion together income streams that all together provide you with the level of income you may need to cover expenses and fun. This stream added to that income stream, plus this one equals your total bucket of money for each period.
You might use some of these ideas to provide possible supplemental income for you.
Rent – Do you own an apartment, duplex or business property? The rent from that asset may provide you with money to offset your living expenses. You might budget this money for an expense that is similar in value, such as taxes, winter heating costs or another monthly bill.
Annuities – Annuities can provide lifetime income. Once again this stream needn’t be big so long as it provides another source for covering your expenses. Even fifty dollars a month added to your income is a blessing.
Inheritance – Millions of dollars change hands every year through inheritances and yet many have not properly prepared for the transition. Creating the retirement income you are looking for may be helped with funds gained through the generosity of those who love you.
Savings accounts – Savings accounts and Certificates of Deposit (CDs) make up a larger portion of retirement income than the previous income sources mentioned above. Having a plan for how the money may be allocated, to what bill or pleasure, may help in making sure all of your needs are covered.
401k – Retirement plans accumulated from your tax-deferred plans through work, or in Individual Retirement Accounts (IRAs), for many of us generally make a significant source of funds for retirement. If you have several years until you plan to retire, renew your saving efforts by either beginning an account or adding to your established retirement saving accounts.
Part-time work – About twenty percent of retirees find that part-time work is a great source of additional income. If jobs are available and you are healthy enough for work, you may enjoy not only the money but the social interaction.
Pensions – Defined pensions have been discontinued at many companies because of their expense to the firms. The Bureau of Labor Statistics reported that about twenty-two percent of full-time private industry workers recently got a defined pension benefit. Once again, no matter the amount, this can work with other sources of income to provide you with additional financial stability.
The goal in having this discussion is to help you know that many of the people who I work with use every possible source of income to piece together their retirement income. The transition into retirement, receiving only a single adequate paycheck (or two if it is a two-income family) to multiple checks from various income sources, can be a confusing transition. But once you get everything set up, and have a plan for each piece of money, things will be good. (CR9920)